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Massachusetts real gross domestic product grew at an estimated annual rate of 4.7 percent in the fourth quarter of 2014 according to the MassBenchmarks Current Economic Index, released today by MassBenchmarks, the journal of the Massachusetts economy published by the UMass Donahue Institute in collaboration with the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston. U.S. real domestic gross product grew at an annual rate of 2.6 percent according to the advance estimate of the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis.
The Massachusetts and U.S. economies finished 2014 with three successive quarters of strong growth. Based on the latest available information, we now estimate that in the third quarter of 2014, the state economy expanded at a 6.0 percent annualized rate; in the second quarter, it was 5.2 percent; and in the first quarter it declined by 2.4 percent (largely due to an extended spell of nasty weather courtesy of the polar vortex). Nationally, the US expanded at an annual rate of 5.0 percent in the third quarter; 4.6 percent in the second quarter; and negative 2.1 percent in the first quarter.
All four components of the MassBenchmarks Current Economic Index exhibited strong growth in the second half of 2014. State payroll employment expanded at a 2.0 percent annualized rate in both the third and the fourth quarters. Employment levels in Massachusetts in the fourth quarter of 2014 were 1.7 percent higher than they were in the fourth quarter of 2013, reflecting the creation of over 60,000 net new jobs in 2014, the best performance since 2000. Nationally, employment expanded at a 2.4 percent annualized rate in the fourth quarter and 2.1 percent in the third quarter. National employment levels were 2.1 percent higher in the fourth quarter of 2014 than during the same period in 2013.
The Commonwealth's unemployment rate fell from 6.0 percent in September to 5.5 percent in December. It is now 1.6 percentage points lower than it was in December of 2013. The U.S. unemployment rate fell from 5.9 percent in September to 5.6 percent in December and is now 1.1 percentage points below its December 2013 level. Massachusetts wage and salary income — as estimated from state withholding taxes — grew at a 10.7 percent annual rate in the fourth quarter following growth of 9.1 percent in the third quarter. Wage and salary income in the fourth quarter was 6.0 percent higher than the fourth quarter of 2013. State spending on items subject to the regular sales tax and motor vehicle sales tax grew at a 7.4 percent annual rate in the fourth quarter, following 1.1 percent in the third quarter. Fourth quarter spending was 5.1 percent higher than in the fourth quarter of 2013.
"The state and national economies appear to have achieved escape velocity following an extended but steady recovery from the 'Great Recession'," noted Alan Clayton-Matthews, MassBenchmarks Senior Contributing Editor and Associate Professor of Economics and Public Policy at Northeastern University, who compiles and analyzes the Current and Leading Indexes.
The results of the household survey strongly suggest there were significant improvements in the state labor market in 2014. In the fourth quarter of 2014, the state's labor force grew at a 4.5 percent annual rate while resident employment grew at a 4.7 percent annual rate. Year over year, between December 2013 and December 2014, the state's labor force grew by 83,300 while resident employment grew by 134,700. "While the household survey is subject to considerable sampling error and should be interpreted cautiously, this is the strongest year-over-year labor force growth recorded by these measures in the history of the data series going back to January 1976," Clayton-Matthews added.
Notably, while the state's unemployment rate remains high for the young and the less well-educated, it fell faster for these groups in 2014 than for the overall labor force. The annual average unemployment rate for Massachusetts residents under 25 years old fell from 15.8 percent in 2013 to 13.5 percent in 2014; for those without a high school diploma, it fell from 20.1 percent in 2013 to 14.1 percent in 2014; and for those with a high school diploma, it fell from 9.3 percent in 2013 to 6.9 percent in 2014. The state's "U-6" unemployment rate, which includes workers who want to work full-time but can only find part-time work, and persons who want a job but have not looked recently (the so-called "marginally-attached" members of the labor force), fell from an annual average of 13.2 percent in 2013 to 11.5 percent in 2014.
The MassBenchmarks Leading Economic Index for December is 5.2 percent, and the three-month average for October through December is 5.7 percent. The leading index is a forecast of the growth in the current index over the next six months, expressed at an annual rate. Thus, it indicates that the economy is expected to grow at an annualized rate of 5.2 percent over the next six months (through June 2015), with expected first quarter growth of 5.6 percent and second quarter growth of 5.2 percent.
MassBenchmarks is published by the University of Massachusetts Donahue Institute in cooperation with the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston. The Donahue Institute is the public service, outreach, and economic development unit of the University of Massachusetts Office of the President. The Current and Leading Indexes are compiled and analyzed by Dr. Clayton-Matthews, Associate Professor of Economics and Public Policy at Northeastern University and released quarterly by MassBenchmarks.
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